echinacea purpurea (purple coneflower) native

Size: 1 litre
  • AKA rudbeckia purpurea
  • drooping petals of purple-pink flowers with a spiky, orange cone lance-shaped and coarse-toothed leaves on sturdy stems
  • bloom time: midsummer to early fall
  • the name echinacea comes from the greek word echinos meaning "hedgehog," in reference to the spiny, centre cone
  • echinacea purpurea is the species most widely used in herbal medicine
  • zone 3
  • height 90-120cm
  • spread 50-60cm
  • colour purple
  • echinacea thrives in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade
  • they are drought tolerant once established and adaptable to heat and poor soils
  • taller cultivars may grow leggy and require staking if grown in dense shade
  • regular deadheading is recommended to improve appearance, but not necessary to increase bloom time
  • direct, sun exposure helps develop proper, flower pigmentation
  • pay special attention to plant depth: crown must be at or slightly above soil level
  • freely self-seeds if finished blooms are left on the plant
  • full sun, partial sun/shade
  • attracts butterflies
  • attracts birds
  • deer resistant
  • drought tolerant, once established
  • heat tolerant
  • long blooming
  • native to ontario
  • (image courtesy of NVK nurseries, NVK holdings inc.)